The currency used in Canada is the Canadian dollar and its symbol is C$. The banknotes are issued by the Bank of Canada and are manufactured in Ottawa. The coins are minted in Winnipeg and are issued by the Royal Canadian Mint. If you travel to that country you will see that bills of 1,000; 100; 50; 20; 10 and 5 dollars are used. The coins are 1 and 2 dollars and 1, 5, 10, 25 and 50 cents. In both cases the inscriptions are in the two official languages of the country: French and English.
In 2011, the material used to make the banknotes changed, so it was very expensive. After that date they have been progressively replaced by banknotes made of plastic polymer. These banknotes tend to get stuck to each other and wrinkle if you leave them exposed to the sun. Most coins are made of nickel-plated copper.
How to pay?
Cash can be exchanged at the exchange offices that you can locate in central areas of cities and airports. The international credit cards Visa, American Express, Mastercard and Dinners Club work at the points of sale and you can also use traveller’s checks, which are used less.
There are a lot of ATMs that you can find in bank offices or outside them, in places like shopping centres, hotels and service stations. Debit cards are mostly compatible with the Plus, Maestro and Cirrus networks.
Accommodation costs 30 euros or US $34 per night in hostels. The hotels range from 60 to 170 euros or US $68-193. If you get a meal in McDonald’s or an inexpensive meal it will cost you approximately 8 euros or 9 US dollars and a high-quality meal will cost 35 euros or 39 US dollars and up. Prices in restaurants and other services are advertised without the respective taxes.
One ticket to the cinema costs 8.7 euros or US $10 and bottled water 1 euro or US $0.88 per litre. Petrol costs 0.83 euros per litre or US $1. The minimum ticket for public transport costs 2 euros or US $2.3 one way. For taxis, for the minimum fare you will have to pay 2.5 euros or US $3 and 1.2 euros or US $1.4 per kilometre.
How to buy
There is a service culture and in shops there is kind customer service. Although commissions or tips are common, customer service is cordial if tips are not given. Bargaining is not common except in the flea markets. There are some places that operate 24/7 and others that open on weekends or until 9 at night, but most of the shops close at five in the afternoon.
As you can see, in this country there are facilities to get by and be able to do all the activities you want. We hope that this information has helped you to better understand the practical aspects of Canada.